Building a Harmonious Living with Disasters in Developing Countries
Disaster is inevitable and inescapable presence in our world is getting old. Disasters are very familiar to us as a world community, especially people who live in developing countries. Natural disasters and social disasters are two types of disasters that have coexisted in developing countries. Both require early prevention and effective treatment.
Indonesia is one of the developing countries located in Southeast Asia with a rich culture and local wisdom are varied and diverse. Indonesia is one of the developing country with great potential which is susceptible to natural disasters in both small scale and large scale. Volcanoes is the most common disaster experienced by the people of Indonesia in recent years.
In this regard, Indonesia as a developing country that cares about society and the natural environment has a goal to build a harmony of living with disaster. This is based on the fact that Indonesia is among the disaster-prone country and society premises should be ready by the threat of inevitable natural disasters.
The most unique and different in disaster management in Indonesia erupted mountain is a serious management as the maximum effort that can be done in reducing the risk, casualties and damage that occurred after the disaster. The efforts made by Indonesia as a developing country to take the values that can be learned is to utilize the local toughness and wisdom to prepare pre-disaster disaster and empowers people of developing countries in post-disaster conditions. Here is further explanation toward two specific points above:
1. Toughness and Local Wisdom Disaster To Prepare (Pre-Disaster)
Toughness and wisdom of local communities that have moved the disaster is not a fate and finally present an alternative concept with local community-based approach (Community Based Disaster Risk Management). In this concept, developed in the handling of volcano eruption is participatory patterns, thought patterns handling bottom up, position the local community with special wisdom held as an active subject the perpetrator, because it is believed that the local communities who know better the needs and where they lived, including the problem.
Evidenced by the knowledge and local policies that they have for generations and had always been able to apply their local knowledge at their disposal for generations to be applied in a pattern of erupted mountain disaster effectively, such as early warning system by reading the signs of nature such as increase in air temperature, water becomes dirty suddenly and the migration of animals from the mountains toward the lower regions.
2. Community Empowerment of Post Disaster Condition in Developing Country
People who become victims of post-disaster in disaster prone areas and reactive implicitly required to restore the condition of no exception in all aspects of economic conditions. The people who ultimately have the toughness, the spirit of local entrepreneurs will think how to change these negative conditions into positive conditions in post-disaster situation. Natural decision cannot be resisted. This is where the necessary foresight to capture an opportunity that can be changed.
Unique local wisdom possessed by the people in developing countries, particularly Indonesia is the main point to raise awareness in the local citizens who have souls of survive. This is an important lesson that we must look up from the mindset and paradigm of being owned by citizen in developing countries
There are many opportunities have been observed around the areas hit by volcano eruption is extreme tourism, merchandise such as products, pictures volcano eruption, etc. . Extreme tourism, or tourism attraction that presents the experience of adventure in the region or in an atmosphere of ‘dangerous’, could be experience selling tour packages to tourists.
In addition, waste utilization cold lava from an erupting volcano eruption could be used as a recycling and re-used art products that can be utilized by surrounding communities to restore the economy and empowering potential of the post-disaster condition in local community.
Earn a blessing with the aim of the recovery in the share aspects including the economic recovery from disasters and society empowering cannot only be done from one side only. This requires an integrated synergy with good coordination among government, Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), businesses and surrounding communities.
The government through the tourism department to promote tourism related to the international mountain erupted and recycle waste products of cold lava erupting volcano. The surrounding community should be able to package the disaster into an opportunity that can bring blessings. With the synergies are good, we can still reap the blessings as a painkiller due to the disaster that hit. Non-governmental organization (NGO) has a big influence as facilitators in the disaster to realize the tourism promotion and support in improving the capacity building of local citizen in disaster area.
Maintain high morale in optimism to get up, not easy to complain to the condition, sensitive to others and nature in the midst of a disaster situation, could be an important value held by the people of developing countries. It can be defined as learning that is necessary to empower people to rise from the nadir of natural disasters.
Entrepreneurship is one of its form can be found in the field of tourism and waste utilization of volcanoes lava into local products also did not rule implemented in another form. It proves that the values of entrepreneurship can be applied in any condition, even if the people who are victims of disaster. In addition, it is able to push more and more the growth of entrepreneurial spirit and apply entrepreneurship in the life of society, especially people living in disaster prone areas
This is the superior potential of which is owned by developing countries in the wake of disaster. Communities of developing countries have the mindset that has been structured by generations to empower local toughness of existing and potential originality by utilizing local wisdom to reach the post-disaster survival amidst the hustle and bustle of the era of globalization is increasingly immediately
Created for :
Following CONCERN International Essay Competition
Created by :
Firmansyah Shidiq Wardhana
Implementation Program DISCEP
(Developing and Integrated School and College Environment Program)
As Sustainable Action of Green Campaign
Improvements in Environmental School/College Efforts
The environmental crisis and global warming is a very serious and crucial to facing in the era of globalization. Various efforts are to encourage innovative and sustainable business for the sake of improving the environment for a better future. One example of efforts being aggressively pursued is a program for green campaign or a green campaign that allegedly capable of providing a positive influence on all walks of society to care for continuous environmental improvement efforts.
The school environment is one of the most effective sampling program for implementing a green campaign. One of the real program in the success of the program is the implementation of a green campaign DISEP program (Developing and Integrated School Environment Program) based green campaign that has been implemented in college or high school as sustainable
B. Categorization and Implementation Program
Programs that are developed in a sustainable business environment improvement is Developing and Integrated School Environment Program (DISEP), a program development environment integrated schools that are implemented in in the school and college are as follows:
- 1. School Green Awareness Program (SGAP)
Environmental care programs are routinely conducted with the active participation of students, teachers and the entire academic community in the school or college also Clean and Shine Friday activities. This activity is focused on students’ classroom cleaning, cleaning of the main park of school/college, planting green shoots-productive plants and related efforts in increasing awareness of students to care about the existence of the school environment.
- Green School Observation Program (SGOP)
The program of observation and study of educational and fun environment using business-based approach to practice sustainable environmental improvements. The program is implemented by all students in class X and class XI in the school and college every year in the form of outbound and environmental studies at the Center for Environmental Research (PPLH). In addition the Student Council and Scientific Work Youth Club also conducts environmental observation to PPLH, Paition Energy Processing Center, the Botanical Gardens Botanical Purwodadi and Safari Park
- School Green Dialogue Program (SGDP)
Green campaign program in the development environment with the implementation of an interactive dialogue, talk shows and seminars on awareness-raising efforts to care for the environment and improving the business environment in the school environment. The program is implemented in commemorating Earth Day, National Education Day, Environment Day and others.
- Caring of New Students Green School Program (SGSCNSP)
Environmental campaign programs in schools that implemented anual (every year) coincided with the acceptance of new students at in the school and college. This activity focused on outbound outdor event, the introduction of the mandala Wiyata area schools, the introduction of material 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) and planting of greenery in the area of productive school environment.The event was held for three days at The New Student Orientation (MOS) in in the school and college
- Green School of Art and Literary Campaign (SGALC)
Green environmental campaign program intelligently and creatively use the media bulletin board / poster to foster students’ sense of caring for the environment. In addition this program is poured through the media performing arts as a means attractive for students to participate in the effort to increase awareness of the environment, eg, making jingles music environment, costume contest (costplay) and recycled materials creatively themed show of works teaktrikal environmental stewardship.
- Green School Student Leadership Training Program (SGSLTP), Soft skills training programs and student leadership within the scope of the management of Intra-School Students Organization (OSIS), Scouts and PASKIBRA (flags marches) with environment-based training methods.The purpose of this program is to combine the values of leadership of the students selected to be able to become the initiator and a model for schools in the academic community to contribute in real terms against the business school of sustainable environmental improvements. Implementation of this program is realized in different circumstances, for example Latian Basic Leadership (LDK) OSIS, Reception shelves (PTA) and Charming Boy Scouts and Training Unit Commander Paskibra
C. Synergy and Active Participation
- DISEP program implementation will be successful if supported by cooperation between the cooperative and active participation of academics in school. It is based on a shared commitment to enhance the synergy of academic society in an effort to improve the school environment to create a greener Indonesia. And able to be a medium for students to participate in a real program for a better Indonesia.
In addition to the range of support from the school and the enthusiasm of the students it will get a quality correlation in the follow up program in the context DISEP green campaign as an ongoing program in the future.
D. Impact and Expectations of Program Implementation
The expected outcome of the program DISEP (Developing and Integrated School Environment Program)
- This is the preservation and improvement of the environment within the scope of the progressive school. No matter how small our efforts will be very meaningful for the existence of the environment when we are trying so earnestly and diligently.
- Efforts to improve the school environment through green campaign methods (green campaign) that has been ihold in the school and college expected to form a private academic community that cares about the environment. In addition students can express their creative and innovative spirit that can be applied to make Indonesia a green
- DISEP program implementation is one platform which when implemented on an ongoing basis will be able to create a mindset (thinking), self-awareness (awareness of self) and applied behavior (application behavior) of the academic community in the context of concern contributive to the school environment.
- In addition DISEP program is expected to inspire the students and schools in Indonesia to take concrete action in the business environment improvement
created by : Firmansyah Shidiq Wardhana ()