Building a Harmonious Living with Disasters in Developing Countries
Disaster is inevitable and inescapable presence in our world is getting old. Disasters are very familiar to us as a world community, especially people who live in developing countries. Natural disasters and social disasters are two types of disasters that have coexisted in developing countries. Both require early prevention and effective treatment.
Indonesia is one of the developing countries located in Southeast Asia with a rich culture and local wisdom are varied and diverse. Indonesia is one of the developing country with great potential which is susceptible to natural disasters in both small scale and large scale. Volcanoes is the most common disaster experienced by the people of Indonesia in recent years.
In this regard, Indonesia as a developing country that cares about society and the natural environment has a goal to build a harmony of living with disaster. This is based on the fact that Indonesia is among the disaster-prone country and society premises should be ready by the threat of inevitable natural disasters.
The most unique and different in disaster management in Indonesia erupted mountain is a serious management as the maximum effort that can be done in reducing the risk, casualties and damage that occurred after the disaster. The efforts made by Indonesia as a developing country to take the values that can be learned is to utilize the local toughness and wisdom to prepare pre-disaster disaster and empowers people of developing countries in post-disaster conditions. Here is further explanation toward two specific points above:
1. Toughness and Local Wisdom Disaster To Prepare (Pre-Disaster)
Toughness and wisdom of local communities that have moved the disaster is not a fate and finally present an alternative concept with local community-based approach (Community Based Disaster Risk Management). In this concept, developed in the handling of volcano eruption is participatory patterns, thought patterns handling bottom up, position the local community with special wisdom held as an active subject the perpetrator, because it is believed that the local communities who know better the needs and where they lived, including the problem.
Evidenced by the knowledge and local policies that they have for generations and had always been able to apply their local knowledge at their disposal for generations to be applied in a pattern of erupted mountain disaster effectively, such as early warning system by reading the signs of nature such as increase in air temperature, water becomes dirty suddenly and the migration of animals from the mountains toward the lower regions.
2. Community Empowerment of Post Disaster Condition in Developing Country
People who become victims of post-disaster in disaster prone areas and reactive implicitly required to restore the condition of no exception in all aspects of economic conditions. The people who ultimately have the toughness, the spirit of local entrepreneurs will think how to change these negative conditions into positive conditions in post-disaster situation. Natural decision cannot be resisted. This is where the necessary foresight to capture an opportunity that can be changed.
Unique local wisdom possessed by the people in developing countries, particularly Indonesia is the main point to raise awareness in the local citizens who have souls of survive. This is an important lesson that we must look up from the mindset and paradigm of being owned by citizen in developing countries
There are many opportunities have been observed around the areas hit by volcano eruption is extreme tourism, merchandise such as products, pictures volcano eruption, etc. . Extreme tourism, or tourism attraction that presents the experience of adventure in the region or in an atmosphere of ‘dangerous’, could be experience selling tour packages to tourists.
In addition, waste utilization cold lava from an erupting volcano eruption could be used as a recycling and re-used art products that can be utilized by surrounding communities to restore the economy and empowering potential of the post-disaster condition in local community.
Earn a blessing with the aim of the recovery in the share aspects including the economic recovery from disasters and society empowering cannot only be done from one side only. This requires an integrated synergy with good coordination among government, Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), businesses and surrounding communities.
The government through the tourism department to promote tourism related to the international mountain erupted and recycle waste products of cold lava erupting volcano. The surrounding community should be able to package the disaster into an opportunity that can bring blessings. With the synergies are good, we can still reap the blessings as a painkiller due to the disaster that hit. Non-governmental organization (NGO) has a big influence as facilitators in the disaster to realize the tourism promotion and support in improving the capacity building of local citizen in disaster area.
Maintain high morale in optimism to get up, not easy to complain to the condition, sensitive to others and nature in the midst of a disaster situation, could be an important value held by the people of developing countries. It can be defined as learning that is necessary to empower people to rise from the nadir of natural disasters.
Entrepreneurship is one of its form can be found in the field of tourism and waste utilization of volcanoes lava into local products also did not rule implemented in another form. It proves that the values of entrepreneurship can be applied in any condition, even if the people who are victims of disaster. In addition, it is able to push more and more the growth of entrepreneurial spirit and apply entrepreneurship in the life of society, especially people living in disaster prone areas
This is the superior potential of which is owned by developing countries in the wake of disaster. Communities of developing countries have the mindset that has been structured by generations to empower local toughness of existing and potential originality by utilizing local wisdom to reach the post-disaster survival amidst the hustle and bustle of the era of globalization is increasingly immediately
Created for :
Following CONCERN International Essay Competition
Created by :
Firmansyah Shidiq Wardhana